The History of Labor Day


Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country.


Labor Day Legislation

Through the years the nation gave increasing emphasis to Labor Day. The first governmental recognition came through municipal ordinances passed during 1885 and 1886. From these, a movement developed to secure state legislation. The first state bill was introduced into the New York legislature, but the first to become law was passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887. During the year four more states — Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York — created the Labor Day holiday by legislative enactment. By the end of the decade Connecticut, Nebraska, and Pennsylvania had followed suit. By 1894, 23 other states had adopted the holiday in honor of workers, and on June 28 of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories.


Founder of Labor Day

The father of labor day

More than 100 years after the first Labor Day observance, there is still some doubt as to who first proposed the holiday for workers.

Some records show that Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, was first in suggesting a day to honor those “who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold.”

But Peter McGuire’s place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged. Many believe that Matthew Maguire, a machinist, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday. Recent research seems to support the contention that Matthew Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson, N.J., proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York. What is clear is that the Central Labor Union adopted a Labor Day proposal and appointed a committee to plan a demonstration and picnic.


The First Labor Day

The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883.

In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected as the holiday, as originally proposed, and the Central Labor Union urged similar organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York and celebrate a “workingmen’s holiday” on that date. The idea spread with the growth of labor organizations, and in 1885 Labor Day was celebrated in many industrial centers of the country.


A Nationwide Holiday

Women's Auxiliary Typographical Union

The form that the observance and celebration of Labor Day should take was outlined in the first proposal of the holiday — a street parade to exhibit to the public “the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations” of the community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and their families. This became the pattern for the celebrations of Labor Day. Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the economic and civic significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.

The character of the Labor Day celebration has undergone a change in recent years, especially in large industrial centers where mass displays and huge parades have proved a problem. This change, however, is more a shift in emphasis and medium of expression. Labor Day addresses by leading union officials, industrialists, educators, clerics and government officials are given wide coverage in newspapers, radio, and television.

The vital force of labor added materially to the highest standard of living and the greatest production the world has ever known and has brought us closer to the realization of our traditional ideals of economic and political democracy. It is appropriate, therefore, that the nation pay tribute on Labor Day to the creator of so much of the nation’s strength, freedom, and leadership — the American worker.

DOL Celebrates 100 Years

DOL Celebrates 100 Years

We turned 100! March 2013 marked the Department of Labor’s first 100 years of service. We launched a year’s worth of educational events outlining the Department’s history. When you see our centennial icon, expect to find out some tidbit of history, or about an event or activity celebrating our first century of service to America’s workers.

via Department of Labor (

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Getting to Know Lisa and Linda

Each month, the Human Resources and Marketing Departments at Edward White Hospital will feature a different member of our outstanding hospital.   In this post, we’re featuring a dynamic duo from the Materials Department!

Name: Lisa Haas

Department and Position: Materials Management, Supply Technician

Where are you originally from? Queens, NY

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Linda (left) and Lisa.

How long have you worked at Edward White Hospital?  It’ll be seven years this November.

What is your favorite thing about Edward White Hospital? It’s small, with a family atmosphere. It’s almost like a M*A*S*H unit!  Everybody helps because everybody knows each other. You’re not just a number here.

What has been your department’s greatest achievement this year?  I’m proud of our [department’s] teamwork and our team effort. And I’m proud of the changes that we’ve made to improve:  the products and supplies, and how we move them and get [the staff] what they need to take care of the patients.

What has been your greatest achievement at work this year? With the changes we’ve made to better our department, I feel like I fit like a glove on a hand. When you think of family, you’ll do anything for family. It’s the same thing here.

What has been your greatest personal achievement? Nothing grand. My achievement for my life is to stay healthy and keep getting out of bed everyday. I have systemic lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. It’s a challenge everyday.  But you have to just “keep on keeping on.” Don’t stop. Don’t let the disease get you. I don’t let it get me depressed or down. I look forward to coming to work everyday. I love what I have going on here. It’s exciting. And the support from family here and at home makes it even better.

What’s your favorite place to eat in town? Shephard’s Restaurant. I like seafood, and they have All You Can Eat snow crab or king crab. I like eating on the beach, because you see the water. It’s so beautiful.

Where is your favorite place to travel? Smoky Mountains. That’s where I’d like to retire. My husband and I feel the same way.  You get the cool and warmth, and the change of seasons. I miss the snow.

What is one thing that people might not know about you? My husband and I have some antique cars. We’ve frequented the classic car shows. We have a 1933 Ford Woody, and we had a 1932 Ford Roadster.



Name: Linda Sargent

Department and Position: Materials Management, Supply Technician

Where are you originally from? Muskegon, MI

How long have you worked at Edward White Hospital? Seventeen years.

What is your favorite thing about Edward White Hospital? The employees. It’s like a family. It’s a family hospital. Even new people that start here say that. They appreciate what we do. When I was a patient here, I appreciated what they did. I couldn’t have been treated better.

What has been your department’s greatest achievement this year? We went from having our supplies here to having our Point of Use upstairs.  It works as a better system.  It’s improved efficiency.

What has been your greatest achievement at work this year? I’m proud of getting seventeen years in. They say some people stay in this field only about five years or less. But I liked it here. I didn’t want to leave.

What has been your greatest personal achievement? I’m proud of my kids. My son has been in the Air Force since he was 18. He just retired. My daughter is an LPN in Washington state. 

What’s your favorite place to eat in town? Red Lobster or Cheddar’s.

Where is your favorite place to travel? It’s a tie between Michigan and Washington State. I have family in both.  Everybody is so far away so it’s a nice trip to go see them.

What is one thing that people might not know about you? I love to decorate… my house or anybody’s house. I like to remodel. We’re tearing up our bathroom and putting all new flooring in the house. On my little hands and knees. (My knee that just got fixed here at this hospital. ) Plus, I love to garden.

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Getting to know John Bell

Each month, the Human Resources and Marketing Departments at Edward White Hospital will feature a different member of our outstanding hospital.

John, with

John, with Patty.

Name: John Bell

Department and Position: RN, Emergency Room

Where are you originally from? Bedford, England. I came to West Texas in 1982. Then I got out of the service in ’88. I was a medic in the Air Force. Then I came right to St Pete.

How long have you worked at Edward White Hospital? Since 2009.

What is your favorite thing about Edward White Hospital? It’s a family.  You know everyone. I’ve worked as an RN for 23 years.  [This hospital] is run differently than any other place. It’s always been. It’s a family atmosphere with the staff.  It’s more than just a job.

What has been your department’s greatest achievement this year? We have a new manager, Patty who has unified everything. She embodies the hospital. She’s been with Edward White Hospital for 15 or 16 years. She has a good understanding of our department, and a good personality that clicks with the department.

What has been your greatest achievement at work this year?  I take pride in the staff I work with and the relationships I’ve made here.  Here it’s more about that fact that we’re a small hospital. We’re a family first. We care about our departments. I’ve been to other hospitals that don’t have that. The ER is a family. It’s not about one person. It’s about the entire family.

What has been your greatest personal achievement? I’ve got two kids, Caitlin, 17, and Sean, 14.  I’m a single dad. My wife passed away ten years ago from breast cancer. Both of my kids are in high school. My daughter is in honors. My greatest achievement has been watching my kids grow.

What’s your favorite place to eat in town?  I love Bella Brava. I go for there Spaghetti Bolognese. It’s simmered for twelve hours. And I get a Caprese salad. And a Peroni Beer. You can’t get any better than that.

Where is your favorite place to travel?
I haven’t traveled that much. I was born in Northern India, then grew up in England, then moved to the States. I’d like to see Thailand and Africa. My goal when I retire is to volunteer as a travel nurse.

What is one thing that people might not know about you?
I’m always happy. Life is good.  (laughs) Oh, and I have too many toys. Three cars, two motorcycles. I just bought a new Porsche. Boxter-S. I have a harley. They’re just my toys. No wife… lots of toys.

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Getting to know Suzie Cunningham

Each month, the Human Resources and Marketing Departments at Edward White Hospital will feature a different member of our outstanding hospital.

photo (9)

Name: Suzie Cunningham

Department and Position:
Catering Coordinator, Food & Nutrition

Where are you originally from?
Gary, Indiana. It was a different city in those days. I moved here 26 years ago.

How long have you worked at Edward White Hospital? I’ve been here just under two years.

What is your favorite thing about working at Edward White Hospital? The teamwork throughout the whole hospital. It doesn’t matter what part of the hospital you’re in. If you need something, someone just jumps in and helps you out. It’s like a little family.

What has been your department’s greatest achievement this year? The overall attitude of all employees is great. “All smiles.” It’s our word of the week. You can feel it when you walk in.

What has been your greatest achievement at work this year?
I just love coming to work. It’s wonderful to have a job that you enjoy. I don’t go home saying anything negative. Instead, I’m energetic. Even though I’ve been here 8 hours, I go home with energy.

What has been your greatest personal achievement?  I’m proud of my family. I have a husband with a great job.  He loves his job.  I have two teenagers. They’re great kids, academically and in sports. I’ve very lucky and thankful.

Where’s your favorite place to eat in town? Arigato Steakhouse. They do the whole show of cooking at your table.

Where is your favorite place to travel? We like to stay in state. We go to Cocoa Beach. We have a timeshare there and it’s wonderful. A whole different world on the other coast.

What is one thing that people might not know about you?
I’m an avid reader. I like fiction. My Kindle is constantly on the charger.

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Melanoma/Skin Cancer Health Center


As you head to the beach or pool, here are some sun-sense tips to keep in mind: Skin that tans is not invulnerable to cancer, and one application of sunscreen daily is not enough protection against the sun’s harmful ultra-violet rays, according to skin cancer experts.

Melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, claims more than 9,000 lives in the United States every year. The rate has been rising over the past 30 years and it’s now one of the most common cancers in people younger than 30 years old, particularly young women.

Although genetics can increase your risk of melanoma, the best way to prevent skin cancer is to reduce sun exposure by wearing protective clothing, applying sunscreen and simply staying out of the sun.

The Melanoma Research Alliance has teamed up with experts from the charitable initiative Stand Up to Cancer to clear up common myths about melanoma.

Myth: If your skin tans but doesn’t burn, you cannot get skin cancer.

Fact: Sun exposure of all levels can contribute to cancer development. Even people who don’t usually burn can get melanoma.

Myth: Tanning booths are safe because they are not “real sun.”

Fact: Tanning beds are not safer than natural sun exposure. Most tanning beds utilize UVA rays, which penetrate to the deeper layers of the skin and may increase the risk of melanoma. They also use UVB rays, the cause of most sunburns. The World Health Organization classifies tanning beds as “carcinogenic to humans.” Women who use tanning beds more than once a month are 55 percent more likely to develop melanoma, the U.S. National Cancer Institute reports.

Myth: One application of sunscreen daily is sufficient to protect against sun damage.

Fact: Sunscreen must be applied frequently throughout the day during sun exposure, particularly if it could be washed off by sweat or water.

Myth: “Adequate” use of sunscreen will prevent melanoma.

Fact: Although sunscreen can help prevent skin cancers, it only provides minimal protection. It’s also important to limit sun exposure and cover up with protective clothing and gear.

Myth: If a spot that has been on your body for years changes but hasn’t gotten much bigger, it can’t become melanoma.

Fact: Many melanomas occur in pre-existing spots or moles. A doctor should evaluate all moles, lesions or spots that have changed. People with multiple moles should undergo routine full-body exams by a dermatologist.

Myth: Melanoma can only develop on body parts where the “sun can shine.”

Fact: Some types of melanoma are not related to sun exposure and can occur in unexpected places, such as the genitals, inside the mouth, the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands.

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18 Signs You’re Having a Migraine


Nearly 30 million people in the United States have migraines, and three times as many women as men have them.

Migraines are pulsating headaches, often on one side of the head. Physical activity may intensify the pain, but symptoms can vary from person to person and from one attack to the next.

“In patients who have migraines, we’re going to treat all of their headaches as potential migraines,” says Anne Calhoun, MD, partner and cofounder of the Carolina Headache Institute, in Chapel Hill, N.C.

Here are 18 ways to identify migraines.


Some people with a migraine experience aura.

The most common auras are visual, such as flickering lights, spots, or lines. “You may see a little jagged line…that will develop some cross hatches, and it might sort of move in a curved direction,” Dr. Calhoun says.

Auras typically last between five minutes and an hour, with a 60-minute “skip phase” before the headache pain sets in, she says.

Depression, irritability, or excitement

Mood changes can be a sign of migraines.

“Some patients will feel very depressed or suddenly down for no reason,” Dr. Calhoun says. “Others will feel very high.” Dutch researchers recently reported a possible genetic link between depression and migraines, especially migraines with aura.

Data presented at the American Academy of Neurology 2010 annual meeting suggests that moderate or severe depression increases the risk of episodic migraines becoming chronic.

Lack of restful sleep
Waking up tired or having trouble falling asleep are common problems in people with migraines.

Studies have shown an association between lack of restorative sleep and the frequency and intensity of migraines.

When migraines strike, it’s tough to get a good night’s sleep. “A lot of people will have insomnia as a result of their migraine,” says Edmund Messina, MD, medical director of the Michigan Headache Clinic, in East Lansing. This inability to sleep can be the start of a vicious cycle, as research suggests that lack of sleep can also trigger migraines.

Stuffy nose or watery eyes

Some people with migraines have sinus symptoms, such as stuffy nose, clear nasal drainage, droopy eyelids, or tearing, Dr. Messina says.

One large study found that, among people who complained of sinus headaches, nearly 90% were having migraines. (The study was funded by GlaxoSmithKline, which makes migraine medicine.)


Before a migraine attack occurs, some people crave certain foods.

“A common craving is chocolate,” Dr. Messina says

Throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head

Pulsating pain is a classic sign of migraines. The throbbing is often felt on one side of the head.

In an online survey of patients with migraines, the National Headache Foundation found that 50% “always” have throbbing on one side, while 34% say they “frequently” have this symptom.

Eye pain

Migraine pain often burrows behind the eye.

People will blame it on eye strain and many will get their eyes checked, but that won’t make their headaches any better, Dr. Messina says.


Neck pain

“A lot of people will say, ‘My neck gets stiff and then I get a headache.’ Well, it’s probably the early stage of the migraine,” Dr. Messina says. “Or after a migraine they’ll get that neck symptom or they’ll have throbbing pain at the back of their neck.”

In an online survey, the National Headache Foundation found 38% of migraine patients “always” have neck pain and 31% “frequently” have neck pain during migraine headaches. (The Foundation receives support from GlaxoSmithKline, maker of migraine medicine.)

Frequent urination

If you have to go a lot, it can mean a migraine is coming.

It’s one of the many symptoms people experience just before a migraine. These warning signs, also known as the prodome phase of a migraine, can arrive as little as an hour or as much as two days before the start of headache pain.


Yawning a lot is another tip-off that a migraine is about to strike.

Unlike regular “I’m tired” yawning, it may be excessive and occur every few minutes.

In one 2006 study in the journal Cephalalgia, about 36% of migraine patients reported yawning was one of the signs of an impending migraine.

Numbness or tingling

Some people with migraines have sensory aura.

They may have a temporary lack of sensation or a pins-and-needles feeling, typically on one side of the body, moving from the fingertips through the arm and across the face.

Some patients have auras without a migraine-type headache or any headache at all.

Nausea or vomiting

According to data from the American Migraine Study II, a mail survey of more than 3,700 people with migraines, 73% experience nausea and 29% have vomiting. (The study was funded by a drug manufacturer.)

A recent analysis of the National Headache Foundation’s American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention study found people with frequent migraine-related nausea have more severe pain and more trouble getting relief from medication than migraine sufferers with little or no nausea.

Light, noise, or smells trigger or worsen pain

In the throes of a migraine attack, the migraine sufferer tends to seek refuge in a dark, quiet place. Bright lights and loud noises can trigger a migraine or intensify the pain. The same is true of certain odors.

“Once you’ve already got a migraine, smells can seem more intense and make it worse,” Dr. Calhoun says. “But a smell can also trigger a migraine in someone who didn’t have one before [he or she] walked past the perfume counter.”

Activity triggers or worsens pain

Routine activities such as walking or climbing stairs can make migraine pain worse.

Some migraines are induced by exercise (running, weight-lifting) or exertion (sexual activity). People with exertion-induced headaches require a thorough workup to rule out underlying causes, such as a brain aneurysm.

Trouble speaking

Can’t get the words out? Speech difficulties can be another sign that a migraine is on its way.

“A lot of people with migraines will feel like they’re blithering,” Dr. Messina says. “It’s a common description by patients.” If you are experiencing speech problems for the first time, contact a doctor to make sure the problems are not related to a more serious issue, such as a stroke.

Weakness on one side of the body

When an arm goes limp, it can be a sign of a migraine.

Some people experience muscle weakness on one side of the body before a migraine attack. This can also be a sign of a stroke, however, so consult a doctor to rule out any other causes.

Vertigo or double vision

One type of migraine, called a basilar-type migraine, can cause dizziness, double vision, or loss of vision.

Some people with migraines may experience balance problems too. In a recent study, Dr. Calhoun and colleagues found a link between migraine intensity and dizziness or vertigo. The stronger the migraine, the more likely patients were to have these complaints.

“Our best conclusion is that it’s actually part of migraines,” she says. “It’s a migraine symptom.”

Headache hangover

After the migraine passes, a person may feel like her body has been pummeled.

In a recent study, researchers interviewed migraine patients and found that they commonly experienced symptoms such as fatigue, trouble concentrating, weakness, dizziness, lightheadedness, and loss of energy during the post-migraine period.

“It can be very fatiguing,” Dr. Messina says.,,20537878,00.html

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What is Balloon Sinuplasty?



The painful symptoms associated with chronic sinusitis can be overwhelming. If symptoms are difficult to control with medications alone, your GP may refer you to an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist, who can determine the best course of treatment, including further medication therapy or surgery to open the sinus passage ways.

Now there is an additional surgical tool for treatment of blocked sinuses called Balloon Sinuplasty technology. If you have been diagnosed with chronic sinusitis and are not responding well to antibiotics and are suitable for surgery, there is now a less invasive system that is clinically proven to be safe, effective and may improve the quality of your life.

Sinus surgery with Balloon Sinuplasty technology is an endoscopic, catheter-based system for patients suffering from sinusitis. The NICE-approved technology, which also carries the CE Marking, uses a small, flexible, sinus balloon catheter to open up blocked sinus passageways, which should restore normal sinus drainage. When the sinus balloon is inflated, it gently restructures and widens the walls of the passageway while maintaining the integrity of the sinus lining.



Balloon Sinuplasty devices provide an endoscopic, catheter-based system for surgeons to treat patients suffering from sinusitis. While use of any surgical instrument involves some risk, recent published data in the leading ENT journal shows that the technology is safe and effective: study participants experienced no adverse events and received significant relief from their symptoms.

Balloon Sinuplasty technology is used by qualified Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) specialists and involves the use of tiny balloons to open blocked sinuses similar to how angioplasty uses balloons to open blocked coronary arteries.

During sinus surgery, an ENT specialist will use Balloon Sinuplasty devices to open the blockage that is preventing sinus drainage, to improve symptoms of chronic sinusitis.

Chronic Sinusitis & Allergies: New Release for Chronic Sinus & Allergy Sufferers
Thursday, May 23, 2013, 11:30am – 1pm
Edward White Hospital – Auditorium, 2299 9th Ave N, St. Petersburg, FL
Dr. Patricia Gilroy will discuss balloon sinuplasty, a new surgery option for treating chronic sinusitis.

Complimentary Luncheon and registration 11:30 a.m. Educational Seminar starts at noon. Reservations required please call 1-888-243-3627.

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